Much faster capture platitudes hidden in the ritual dignity. Yes, I used to read made sense. Because books and magazines were difficult to access, the publication was a long time. So reading was the main source of acquiring knowledge. And now? Now this is inefficient ritual, do not take into account the centuries perfecting the art of rhetoric and the latest discoveries in the field of brain and psychology of thinking. Context many changes. The same reading 50 years ago would make sense, today is largely living museums, historical reconstruction. We live in an age of excess content and easy access to knowledge. The deficit is thinking and understanding. For this we should focus on the lecture halls. If we want our students to listen and in general they were. We do not have a monopoly on the dissemination of knowledge and we are not a leader. Note about the author: Prof. dr. Stanislaw Czachorowski is a biologist, environmentalist, teacher and lover of philosophy of nature, a researcher at the University of Warmia and Mazury. This entry was published on his blog Talking Professors. CC-BY license. / ** / jQuery (document) .ready (function ($) {jac_init ();}); var JACommentConfig = {jac_base_url: ‘/ component / jacomment /’ SITEURL: ‘/ component / jacomment /? tmpl = component & view = comments’, minLengthComment:’ 10 ‘, errorMinLength:’ Your comment is too short. ‘, maxLengthComment’ 5000 ‘, errorMaxLength:’ Your comment is too long. ‘isEnableAutoexpanding:’ 1 ‘, dateASC’ recent comments at the top ‘, dateDESC’ Latest comment in bottom ‘, votedASC:’ Most voted on top ‘, votedDESC’ Most voted in bottom ‘, strLogin:’ Login ‘, isEnableBBCode:’ 1 ‘, isEnableCharacterCounter:’ 0 ‘, isEnableLocationDetection:’ 0 ‘, commentFormPosition:’ 1 ‘, hdCurrentComment: 0, contentoption’ com_content ‘ContentID’ 3155 ‘, commenttype’ 1 ‘jacomentUrl’ https://www.edunews.pl/system-edukacji/uczelnie/3155-kult-cargo-czyli-o-komunikacji-na-uniwersytetach ‘contenttitle’ cargo cult , ie communication in universities ‘, hidInputComment:’ You must input comment. ‘, hidInputWordInComment:’ The words are too long you should add more spaces between them ‘, hidEndEditText:’ Please exit spell check before Submitting comment ‘, hidInputName:’ You must input name ‘, hidInputEmail:’ You must input email ‘hidValidEmail:’ Your email is invalid ‘, hidAgreeToAbide:’ You must agree that abide by the website rules ‘hidInputCaptcha:’ You must input the captcha ‘, textQuoting’ Quoting ‘textQuote’ Quote ‘, textPosting’ Posting ‘textReply’ Reply comment ‘, textCheckSpelling’ No writing errors ‘, mesExpandForm’ (+) Click to Expand ‘mesCollapseForm’ (-) Click to Collapse ‘theme’ default ‘, txtCopiedDecode’ Copied DCode ‘}; / ** / / ** / / ** // ** / / ** / / ** / / ** / / ** / function open_youtube (id) {jacCreatForm ( ‘open_youtube’, id, 400,200,0, 0, ‘Embed a YouTube video’, 0, ‘Embed study bay video’); } / ** / / ** / window.addEvent ( “load” function () {var url = window.location.hash; c_url = url.split ( ‘#’); d = 0; tmp = 0; if (c_url.length> = 1) {for (i = 1; i -1) {tmp = c_url [i]. split ( ‘:’) [1]; if (tmp! = “”) {id = parseInt (tmp, 10);}}}} url = “? tmpl = component & option = com_jacomment & view = comments & contentoption = com_content & ContentID = 3155 & wound = 2084707873” ; if (d! = 0) {url + = “& currentCommentID =” + id;} var req = new Request ({method: ‘get’, uRL url onComplete: function (text) {$ jacJQuery = jQuery; $ jacJQuery ( ‘# Jac-wrapper’). html ($ jacJQuery ( ‘# Jac-wrapper’). html () + text); moveBackground (id ‘https://edunews.pl/’); jac_auto_expand_textarea (); jacJQuery $ ( ‘# jac-wrapper-.conversation avatar’). tooltip (); jacJQuery $ ( ‘# jac-wrapper and #jacTab: last’). it ( ‘shown’ function (e) {displayVotedComments ( ‘com_content’, ‘3155’); }); }}.) Send (); }); / ** / Mark Notess is an American specialist of e-learning tools. He is currently manager. Development and developing functionality in the Digital Library of the University of Indiana. In his column in the pages of the Internet eLearn Magazine described the LPP and LAMS – new tools that can help teachers in the preparation and implementation of activities. At a conference in Paris Sakai we discussed two new tools for teachers and each inclined to the question – if we build it, who will want to use them? Do teachers who have no dealings every day with a technique they want to use them? LPP called smart planowanieJednym guest of the conference was Diana Laurillard. She said that teachers need innovative solutions that help them to be reflective practitioners. By working together, will be able to create new, innovative solutions to improve learning outcomes. She showed screenshots, which you could see a new tool – London Pedagogy Planner (LPP London Pedagogy Planner). It helps teachers to define a teaching module in terms of objectives, themes and expected results. After entering these elements provide the teacher a special sheet on which you can divide the time spent on different types of tasks – those that require concentration, discussion or activity. The teacher can also assign different methods of teaching and assessment to a specific topic, to make better use of the time they have. According Laurillard, tools such as LPP, teachers provide precisely this component, which according to the need, that is, reflection and knowledge sharing. Besides, thanks to the LPP they develop mutual cooperation, so that they can learn from each other, compare the results of research and to look critically at their own discoveries. To develop this aspect of cooperation Laurillard intends to start a new project – Learning Design Support Environment for Lecturers (Environment support for the design of teaching), through which teachers will be able to improve their ability to plan teaching using the latest technology achievements. LAMS – management and activity monitoring tool for designing postępówDrugim study was LAMS (Learning Activity Management System Management System or scientific activity), created by James Dalziel with Macquire University. Like the LPP is widely available on the Internet. LAMS is a visual editor that is used for the allocation of time learning different sequences depending on the type of tasks performed. Recently added thereto new functions – you can be added to new elements and connectors according to additional factors, depending on the needs of the learner. Unlike the LPP, LAMS is more than just a tool for planning. It is a system in which students can perform individual and group tasks online. While the teacher can actively manage and monitor the progress of their students. Barriers (not) to przeskoczeniaIstnieje many barriers to the use of tools such as LPP and LAMS on a large scale. I understand by the large-scale adoption of these practices by people who do not read professional journals and are not interested in new technologies. Those interested in supporting the education methodology and technology are not a good indicator of whether such methods are in general understood by other teachers. When asked about this Laurillard replied that of course there are some concerns, but not always justified. Apparently, teachers soon learn these tools, once you see how they work, even though at the beginning it seemed that they will not want to use them. She added that one must wait for the results of studies that really show whether the new tools is adopted or not. “In many areas, certain teaching methods are firmly rooted, regardless of whether it’s good or bad.” – Notess notes. “In my own research that I conducted in my department, I noticed that the teachers have a completely different approach to cohesion than those that incorporate the LPP and LAMS. Teachers have talked about preparations for lessons usually worried about whether sequences of tasks that have prepared will create a coherent whole. it is interesting that their attention was focused mainly on what content to choose for each lesson, and not on what type of work will be most appropriate. I suspect that most of the teachers thought about the courses more as of containers for specific content and less attention to innovation tasks performed by the students. ” Outside the areas of science, which are strongly associated with the technology, the introduction of systems based on it must usually involve some big additional value to teachers would be incorporated into the daily work. Some teachers even avoid course management systems: they need to do more work, which they do not like. On the other hand, it is very possible that people who want to learn via the Internet will be more willing to use new tools. “As the number of online courses increases, many new teachers will reach the end of the pedagogical innovations.” – says Notess. He argues that in order to design tools for learning gained popularity, to be enthusiastically adopted by teachers from different disciplines and what is important – regardless of computer skills. “Tools such as you have to prepare to minimize the amount of work that teachers do not like a particular subject, and maximize their enthusiasm and passion for teaching. The challenge is thus simultaneously achieving these goals and to create fields to reflective practice and innovation.” – Notess notes. (Source: eLearn Magazine) / ** / jQuery (document) .ready (function ($) {jac_init ();}); var JACommentConfig = {jac_base_url: ‘/ component / jacomment /’ SITEURL: ‘/ component / jacomment /? tmpl = component & view = comments’, minLengthComment:’ 10 ‘, errorMinLength:’ Your comment is too short. ‘, maxLengthComment’ 5000 ‘, errorMaxLength:’ Your comment is too long. ‘isEnableAutoexpanding:’ 1 ‘, dateASC’ recent comments at the top ‘, dateDESC’ Latest comment in bottom ‘, votedASC:’ Most voted on top ‘, votedDESC’ Most voted in bottom ‘, strLogin:’ Login ‘, isEnableBBCode:’ 1 ‘, isEnableCharacterCounter:’ 0 ‘, isEnableLocationDetection:’ 0 ‘, commentFormPosition:’ 1 ‘, hdCurrentComment: 0, contentoption’ com_content ‘ContentID’ 414 ‘, commenttype’ 1 ‘jacomentUrl’ https://www.edunews.pl/nowoczesna-edukacja/innowacje-w-edukacji/414-nowe-narzedzia-do-projektowania-uczenia ‘contenttitle: “New tools to design learning ‘, hidInputComment:’ You must inp ut comment. ‘, hidInputWordInComment:’ The words are too long you should add more spaces between them ‘, hidEndEditText:’ Please exit spell check before Submitting comment ‘, hidInputName:’ You must input name ‘, hidInputEmail:’ You must input email ‘hidValidEmail:’ Your email is invalid ‘, hidAgreeToAbide:’ You must agree that abide by the website rules ‘hidInputCaptcha:’ You must input the captcha ‘, textQuoting’ Quoting ‘textQuote’ Quote ‘, textPosting’ Posting ‘textReply’ Reply comment ‘, textCheckSpelling’ No writing errors ‘, mesExpandForm’ (+) Click to Expand ‘mesCollapseForm’ (-) Click to Collapse ‘theme’ default ‘, txtCopiedDecode’ Copied DCode ‘}; / ** / / ** / / ** // ** / / ** / / ** / / ** / / ** / function open_youtube (id) {jacCreatForm ( ‘open_youtube’, id, 400,200,0, 0, ‘Embed a YouTube video’, 0, ‘Embed video’); } / ** / / ** / window.addEvent ( “load” function () {var url = window.location.hash; c_url = url.split ( ‘#’); d = 0; tmp = 0; if (c_url.length> = 1) {for (i = 1; i -1) {tmp = c_url [i]. split ( ‘:’) [1]; if (tmp! = “”) {id = parseInt (tmp, 10);}}}} url = “? tmpl = component & option = com_jacomment & view = comments & contentoption = com_content & ContentID = 414 & wound = 1869118914” ; if (d! = 0) {url + = “& currentCommentID =” + id;} var req = new Request ({method: ‘get’, uRL url onComplete: function (text) {$ jacJQuery = jQuery; $ jacJQuery ( ‘# Jac-wrapper’). html ($ jacJQuery ( ‘# Jac-wrapper’). html () + text); moveBackground (id ‘https://edunews.pl/’); jac_auto_expand_textarea (); jacJQuery $ ( ‘# jac-wrapper-.conversation avatar’). tooltip (); jacJQuery $ ( ‘# jac-wrapper and #jacTab: last’). it ( ‘shown’, f unction (e) {displayVotedComments ( ‘com_content’, ‘414’); }); }}.) Send (); }); / ** / Bush read an article Bradley Fri. “What every teacher should know about expectations” [1]. Agitated by the author to the subject I am absolutely convinced – faith in every student is the basis of good teaching. This view is also consistent with the strategy of the fifth formative assessment, which assumes that the student can be the author of his own learning process, which may be responsible for their learning. This may be only the student and the teacher believe that it can happen. In the entries below the article in The Guardian, there were critical comments on merytoryki research cited by the author. Although I looked for them before I read the article, I decided to translate it, because the idea is consistent with my common sense, so research methodology itself is a deterrent to me. Bush uses the term positive expectations (positive expectations), which I understand as a belief in the possibility of students. According to the author the key to achieving high performance by students in learning, the teacher is the belief in the possibility of achieving their high performance, while providing them with needed assistance. The idea that positive expectations have a positive impact on productivity, is known as the Pygmalion effect, relies on meeting the expectations of someone positive because it is a positive expectation before we produce. So self-fulfilling prophecy. Researchers Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson, did an experiment to see how positive expectations teachers have an impact on motivation and achievement of high results by the students (from the article that the author understands the results of IQ test results). They gave to the teachers, the students in the class who are capable. These students were chosen at random, what the teachers did not know. At the end of the year the results of students tested. It turned out that the randomly selected students who are acknowledged as “capable”, achieved better results than others. You have associated this result with the teachers’ expectations in relation to gifted students, which had an impact on the behavior and capabilities of these students. Oddly enough, it turned out that the results did not affect the students, whether they previously achieved high or low academic performance. It was noted that the Pygmalion effect is most pronounced when the teachers at the beginning of the year declared positive expectations for their students, before students form his negative ideas about their capabilities and abilities. The opposite effect Pygmalion effect is the Golem – have low expectations, which leads to a lack of self-confidence and self-fulfilling prophecy. Students fail because they do not believe that they will succeed. The author draws attention to the distinction between the aspirations of positive expectations. Aspiration is the desire to be better, and the expectations of this belief about the probability of success. Positive expectations help to achieve high performance and high aspirations alone do not give the same results.

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